This statue of Roger B. Taney has been on the lawn of the Maryland State House since 1872.
Legal scholars universally agreed that Taney's "The negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit" ruling in the Dred Scott decision was one of the worst moments of the court.
Following the deadly attack after a white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, Baltimore Mayor Catherine Pugh pushed for the removal of the Taney statue and all Confederate statues in the city.
Taney is actually better known by his formal title, former Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger B. Taney.
There is no word yet on where the statue of Taney will be housed.
"T$3 he time has come", he said, "to make clear the difference between properly acknowledging our past and glorifying the darkest chapters of our history". Taney wrote the majority opinion in the 7-2 decision, which declared that black Americans were not citizens.
The decision to remove the statue was officially made on Wednesday, when three of four members of the State House Trust voted in favor of taking down the monument.
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President Trump tweeted Thursday, "Sad to see the history and culture of our great country being ripped apart with the removal of our handsome statues and monuments".
The removal of the memorial in Annapolis came hours after Maryland Democratic Senate President Thomas V. Mike Miller Jr. lashed out at the governor for not holding a public hearing on the issue before the State House Trust board voted. The monument will be moved to a Maryland State Archives storage facility, The Baltimore Sun reports.
On Aug. 11, white supremacists gathered at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville to protest the removal of a monument to Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
In 1996, on the opposite side of the State House, the state unveiled a statue of Baltimore native Thurgood Marshall, the first black Supreme Court justice.
Taney was born in Maryland and practiced law in Frederick before becoming the nation's fifth chief justice. The statue has been in place for 145 years. Democratic state Sen. Thomas V. Mike Miller Jr. protested the decision, asserting that Taney had a more complicated history on race and that his expansive career in the US government made him an important figure for the state.
One of the members who voted on the decision, criticized the fact that the vote wasn't held in public.
"Sad to see the history and culture of our great country being ripped apart with the removal of our lovely statues and monuments", the Republican president said on Twitter, a day after Baltimore removed its monuments.