Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping will hold their first substantive bilateral meeting on Tuesday since the Dokalam standoff, which had put ties between the two countries under strain. While India had officially said that border troops from both sides had "dis-engaged", China had publicly announced that Indian troops had backed away.
During the hour-long meeting, Jinping told Modi that China is prepared to work with India to seek guidance from the five principles of the Panchsheel Treaty signed between 1954.
Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, which comprise the BRICS grouping, called for an immediate end to violence in Afghanistan at a summit in the Chinese city of Xiamen on September 4.
The Chinese and Indian troops had an eyeball-to-eyeball standoff since June 16 after the Indian side stopped the construction of a road by the Chinese Army on the plateau, which is claimed by Bhutan. The prospect of the Xi-Modi meeting had raised hopes they will try and fix a relationship that has deteriorated as the two countries find their interests diverge - and often clash - while competing for influence across Asia.
He told reporters that "There was a sense that if relationship is to go forward then peace and tranquility on border areas must be maintained".
Xi also urged developed nations to provide more assistance to developing countries.
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Jaishankar added that issues related to terrorism were not discussed in the India-China bilateral meeting.
"Some countries have become more inward-looking, and their desire to participate in global development cooperation has decreased", Xi said. "Regardless of changes in the global situation, China will unswervingly work with Africa for win-win cooperation and common development, and resolutely support peace and development in Africa", President Xi said.
"The discussions were forward-looking and constructive and concluded that both governments need better communication to avoid recent issues".
Defending the move to include these terror groups for the first time in the BRICS joint declaration, foreign ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang had said that BRICS countries have "shown their concerns to the violent activities raised by these organisations".
"We hope India can view China's development in a correct and rational way", Geng quoted Xi as saying.