The Red Sox described the surgery, performed in NY, as "cartilage restoration". The Red Sox say he will return to games in seven months, which would put him back in the lineup in late May.
Without Pedroia, utilityman Brock Holt would be the sensible in-house fill-in next year.
Pedroia was on the disabled list twice this year after the mid-July All-Star Game break with what the Red Sox called inflammation.
Storm Brian set to batter the UK
Drivers were also urged to take extra care on the roads because surface spray, reduced visibility and potential flooding remained high risks.
The 34-year old had a pretty good season this year batting.293 (with virtually no power), but he could be looking at not returning to baseball until early June next season.
MLB.com's Ian Browne reported that Dustin Pedroia has undergone surgery to restore cartilage in his left knee.
The right-handed hitter was clearly hampered by a lack of strength in his leg down the stretch, hitting.242 with two doubles, one homer and eight RBIs in September.
Pedroia's surgery is the fourth undergone by Boston players this off-season.