Borussia Dortmund and Gabon striker Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang came third.
Salah has assisted Mané four times in the Premier League this season, with only Alvaro Morata and Cesar Azpilicueta providing more goals as a combination in the top flight.
Argentine Coach Hector Cuper was named coach of the year for his role in Egypt's qualification for the FIFA World Cup after a 28-year wait.
Known better as a failed Chelsea winger, Salah's iconic moment in 2017 was when he helped Egypt reach the 2018 World Cup in Russian Federation.
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Further, Modi suggested that single women pilgrims be excluded from the lottery system implemented to select Haj pilgrims. This practice is not followed in numerous Islamic countries", he said.
"This is a big award for me, a special moment in my career".
Mane was voted 2016-2017 Liverpool Player of the Season, but the 25-year-old has since been overshadowed at Anfield by Salah's scoring exploits.
Following an eye-catching year for both club and country, the former Chelsea attacker now hopes to one day go down as Egypt's best ever.
Salah scored both goals, including the injury-time victor, in the 2-1 win over Republic of Congo in October that sealed Egypt's place at the World Cup.
This comes less than a month after he earned the BBC African Player of the Year award.
Shortlists had been drawn up for both awards when the CAF executive committee made a decision to dump them, initially without offering any explanations.